शनिवार, 6 फ़रवरी 2016

Fact-finding Report on ICDS in Kondhamal district, Odisha



Fact-finding Report on Implementation of ICDS programme and requirement of locally available food for Introduction in ICDS menu for Children in Daringbadi Block of Kondhamal district

 Introduction
The   Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme was launched in 1975 seeking to provide an integrated package of services in a convergent manner for the holistic development of the child. It is the only Govt. programme in the country that aims to cater to the nutrition requirements and other health, immunization, and early education needs of the most vulnerable groups of population namely children under six years of age, pregnant and lactating mothers and adolescent girls through providing a package of services including supplementary nutrition, pre-school education, immunization, health check-up, referral services and nutrition & health education. This programme is implemented throughout the country.  Hearing the Writ petition filed by PUCL vs Govt. of India since 2001,  the Supreme Court  has given a number of  interim orders  to both Govt. of India  and State Govt. and Union Territories  for effective implementation of this scheme ensuring the coverage of  all children  below six years, all pregnant and lactating mothers and adolescent girls in all rural habitations  and urban slums with all nutritional and health services  of the ICDS. To ensure effective implementation of ICDS programme, Govt. of Odisha has developed new guideline in the state w.e.f. 1st July 2013. Under this guideline, the Govt. has made numerous arrangements like provision of cooked egg for children of 3 to 6 years of age in  3 day  in a week, provision of two egg  in each week  for pregnant and lactating women  and children of 7 months to 3 years, release of fund  for SNP to Anganwadi Worker  in every month, Allowance of Rs. 5000/-  to each pregnant and Lactating Women under Mamata Yojana, strengthening Mothers’ Committee and Jaanch Committee to monitor Anganwadi food programme etc. The State Govt. has also devised another new guideline to implement different activities envisaged under the convergent plan for the PVTGs (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups).  It presents an overview of the strategy to be adopted by the Department of Health & FW, DWCD and Dept. of SC & ST Development in addressing the health and nutritional needs of the PVTGs. It is being implemented in the state from March 2014.

Daringbadi is one of the tribal dominated Blocks in Kondhamal district. The Block is surrounded  by Hill terrain and deep forest. The roads are rocky and the villagers are inacessable. Almost all  anti-poverty programme and food security programme are implemented  in the district. Despite that  the people  still suffer from malnutrition. The Block is having 342 Anganwadi Centre. Out of 12 supervisors’ post, 6 posts are lying vacant. There is no Anganwadi Worker  in 11 Centres.  This district also stands infamous for its poverty, malnutrition and backwardness. A 4-member  Team of Right to Food Campaign, Odisha ( a State-level forum of Civil Society Groups working  on Right to Food)  had visited    Daringbadi  Block  of Kondhamal district on 18th and 19th Jan.16 to monitor  and assess the  implementation of ICDS programme  and benefit reached to the beneficiaries  under this programme in different Gram Panchayats and feasibility  of requirement  of  locally available  food for ICDS  menu. The Team Members were Sri Pradip Pradhan, Sri Khirod Ch. Routray and Sri Ashok Kumar Parida, Members of Right to Food Campaign, Odisha and Smt. Bilasini Nayak, former Vice-Chairman, Daringbadi Panhayat Samiti.   The Team members visited number of Gram Panchayats and interacted with the villagers, beneficiaries, Anganwadi Workers, Panchayat Representatives etc. to ascertain fact about implementation of the programme.  The details of the villages visited  by the Team is as follows.

Sl.No.
Name of Gram Panchayat
 Name of village
1
Danekbadi
Kajuripanga
2
Do
Kandapa
3
Do
Kalimala
4
Do
Guhibadi
5
Do
Mundrumaha
6
Darsingbadi
Dangamala
7
Do
Dalagadu
8
Do
Chadakia
9
Partamaha
Kadaspada
10
Do
Katabadi
11
Do
Kidramala
12
Tajungi
Sikarmaha
13
Do
Sikarama

During this visit, the Team members had given emphasis on gathering information about distribution of THR (Take Home Ration) among the beneficiaries and fund disbursed to pregnant and lactating women under Mamata Yojana.

A.   Kandapa Anganwadi Centre
The Team reached in the centre at 11.30 AM and found Anganwadi Worker and Helper   busy in preparation of the food for the twelve children present in the centre. During interaction, it was found that morning snacks were not given to the children. No pre-school education is imparted. The children are only provided food. With regard to distribution of Chhatua, the L                           & P Women said that they were getting only one packet Chhatua per month (As per Govt. norm, each beneficiary is entitled to get two packet of Chhatua per month).

B.    Guhibadi Angawadi Centre
During visit to Guhibadi village, the Pregnant and Lactating woman complained that  they  were not provided egg  since months together. Chhatua  ( delicious food mixed of wheat, black gram  and groundnut )  is not distributed regularly.  The Condition of the Centre is very disastrous.

C.    Dangamala Anganwadi Centre

During visit, the Team found absence of Anganwadi Worker in the Anganwadi Centre. The Villagers complained that Anganwadi Worker hardly visited the Centre. Balen Pradhan, Helper was found present and busy in preparing food. She said that she had not received her monthly allowances since 4 months.

D.   Tekangia Anganwadi Centre (1)

The Team reached at 10.30 AM and found 2 children playing in the centre. When enquired, it was found that total number of 18 children has been enrolled in the Centre.  The villagers said that the Anganwadi Worker hardly visited the Centre. It is basically managed by the Helper. Arati Muthamajhi, Helper said that she had not received salary since 4 months. Morning snacks are not provided to the children. Due to negligence of AWW, the villagers do not like to send their children to the centre.

E.    Tekangia AWC-2
During interaction with the Villagers of Tekangia, it was observed that the centre is not opened regularly. The Aganwadi Worker comes to centre two to three days in a month. Helper is managing the centre. Few children were found playing in the centre. There is no pre-school education in the centre.

F.    Sikarmaha Anganwadi Centre
This Centre comes under Tajungi Panchayat. The Team met Parbati Mallik, Anganwadi Worker and interacted with her to understand about the functioning of the Centre. She said that fund is not transferred regularly for food. She manages preparing food by borrowing items from the local shop. It was observed that she is very committed and having passion for   management of the centre. There is no building of the centre.

G.    Sikarama AWC
      This is very interior village, very inaccessible.  The centre is in mess.  Food is not prepared regularly for the children.  Anganwadi Worker also does not come regularly.

Distribution of Take Home Ration (THR)

As per ICDS guideline, the Lactating and Pregnant women and the children within the age group of 6 months to 3 years  are entitled each to get 8 eggs  and two pockets of Chhatua per month. Manorama Dihudi of Jayashree  Mahila Mandal, Daringbadi is supplying Chhatua to 24 GPs having  342 AWCs of this Block.  But during visit of the team to all the centres, it was found that it is not distributed to the beneficiaries anywhere. Everywhere the team received allegation from women about denial of egg to them. Parbati Mallik, Anganwadi Worker of Sikaramaha village accepted that she had not supplied egg  from August to Oct.15.  On query about the reason, she said that due to fund crisis, she could not supply the egg.  The women beneficiaries of Tekangia, Sikarama also levelled similar allegation of non-distribution of egg to them.  After a long scrutiny, it was observed that  the beneficiaries have been given  4 eggs per month.

Similar, the team also noticed very irregular in supply of Chhatua to the beneficiaries.  The Chhatua  Packet    does not have date and seal of the organisation. As reported, it is not regularly supplied by the agency. The beneficiaries of Guhibadi, Kandapa said that they were provided one packet of Chhatua. The Anganwadi Workers could not give any satisfactory reply about irregular supply of Chhatua. The Team got convinced that there is huge corruption and irregularities in distribution of Chhatua in this Block.

Name of the village
G.P
 Chhatua status
 Egg.
Remark
Kajuripanga
 Danekbadi
Chhatua for 1st fortnight of January,16  has not yet been delivered 
 Irregular. 4 egg  against 8 month is provided  in a month 
Anganwadi Worker was absent.
Rinki Nayak and Anjani Nayak told  that  3 no. of  egg  has been  provided in January 16.

Kandapa
do
It has not been distributed  to the beneficiaries  in the month of Jan. 16    
irregular

Kadaspada
Partamaha
 It is distributed once in a month and found very  irregular. Low quality of Chhatua is distributed. There is no date  on  cover of Chhatua Packet
irregular

Kalimala
Danekbadi
1pkt per month is distributed.  No date on  Chhatua pkt.
 Irregular  but last time got 16 nos.







Guhibadi
Danekbadi
Irregular chhatua, 1pkt-2pkt not sure.
 No boiled egg is distributed. Very Irregular in supply of  egg.
The building of the Anganwadi centre is under construction since 5 years.
Mundrumaha
do
  Now No Chatua at all.
 No egg received at all.




Dangamala
Drasingbadi
Irregular Chhatua
Egg was not given for 4months
 Helper not got 4months salary.
Dalagadu
do
Irregular Chhatua
Egg has not been given for 4 months. Now started from 1st January 16.


Chadakia
do
Chhatua 1pkt/month for son and 2pt was during pregnancy.
Irregular. Beneficiaries  not getting 8nos of eggs per month.  
 Sanjeeb nayak told distribution of  chhtua is   very irregular and distributed  once in a moth  and once in two months.   Dipanjali Mukhi  told though she complained to CDPO, It is yet not available.  
katabadi
Partamaha
No Chhatua has been given in the month of January’2016. 
 Distribution of  egg has been stopped for two months.

Kidramala
do
One pocket /month. No Chhatua  has been given  for January 16  
 Irregular egg. In last 3 months only 4 eggs.  



Allowances under Mamata Yojana

As per Guideline issued under Mamata Yojana, the Pregnant and Lactating Women are entitled to get Rs. 5000.00 in four instalments (First Instalment of Rs.1500 on 6 months of pregnancy, 2nd Instalment of Rs.1500 on 9 months of pregnancy, 3rd Instalment of Rs.1000.00 on 3 months of delivery, 4th Instalment of Rs. 1000.00 on 6 months of delivery). During visit,  the Team had enquired minutely whether the allowances have been delivered timely. The Team members randomly met the beneficiaries and gathered information about timing of payment made to them. It needs to be mentioned here that the State Govt. has developed on-line payment system   to transfer money directly to Bank Account of beneficiaries. It was found that almost all beneficiaries The beneficiaries who have not received their dues are as follows.

GP
Village
Name of beneficiary
Details  of the issues  
Danekbadi
 Kajuripanga
5nos of  beneficiaries  have  not got 1st installment even after 5  months of delivery.

Do
Kandapa
Renima Pradhan
She  has not got  money  under Mamata Yojana even after delivery of child.  She got  full payment  of Rs. 5000 after two years of delivery.

Do
Do
Monalisha Majhi 
Though she has already delivered baby  since 11 days, not even first installment of  fund  has been received by her.
Do
Kalimela
Manisha Pradhan
After one  year of delivery of first child, she received  4th  installment of  Rs. 1000.00. 
Do
Mundrumaha
Anjali pradhan
Received full amount of  money  after one year of delivery of child.
Kartabadi
Partamaha
Sulochana Padhan
No fund has been given every after  4 months of delivery of Child.
Do
Do
Kristna Padhan
No money provided  even after 9 months delivery of child.

Kidramala
Malati Nayak
No fund under Mamata after 9 months of delivery


Namita Pradahan
No fund  even after delivery

Introduction of locally available or prepared food in ICDS menu

It was one of the agenda of the Team to identify whether there is space for introduction of locally available food-grains in ICDS menu. During visit to different villages, the team had wanted to know  from the villagers  about necessity of introduction of the local food-grains in ICDS food. It needs to be mentioned here that in tribal regions, large number of minor millets like Bajara, Suan, Mandia are produced which are highly tasty, proteinous and gives a lot of energy to the tribals. But these foods are not available in food item of ICDS. The foods given to the children in Anganwadi Centre are not culturally appropriate. They are just provided rice and low cost dal.  Due to huge corruption,  egg is not being provided regularly.  During interaction, Sri Brajendra Digal of Tekangia village and many others of Dalagudu, Sikarmaha, Sikarama  said  that Mucca, Bajara, Kandul, Mandia, Biri  are produced in our area which are proteinous. But it is not produced in huge scale. These foods are better that rice and low cost dal. Mandia and Bajara can be noon meal for the children. Mucca should  be given in the breakfast. But the villagers expressed their apprehension about availability of required food to feed to the children throughout the year, as the production of these millets is declining.

Analysis and Recommendation

1. ICDS is considered as one of the most important food security programme which has mandate to check malnutrition and food insecurity among the children and pregnant and lactating woman.    But this programme has precariously failed to achieve its mandate. Due to corruption, huge irregularities and mismanagement, the Children are not getting any benefit from AWC.  So keeping it in view, the Team strongly recommends to State Govt. to constitute an enquiry Team to investigate into the above mentioned allegation ad take appropriate measures for effective management of AWC in all the villages.  

2. ICDS programme needs to be regularly monitored by external agency consisting of experts, Soial Activists, retired Govt. officials. The Team should make periodic visit ad report to Govt. for necessary action. 

3. Locally available food needs to be introduced in ICDS menu after increasing production of these items through effective planning and subsidy. 

Report prepared by


Pradip Pradhan
State Convener
Right to Food ampaign, Odisha
M-9937843482
Date- 4.2.16


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